Sun Mar 29 18:34:12 SGT 2015  
SINGAPORE
SEXUALHEALTH™
    Genital Warts
SINGAPORE SEXUALHEALTH™
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Genital Warts | SINGAPORE SEXUALHEALTH™

Summary

Genital Warts | SINGAPORE SEXUALHEALTH™ @singaporesexualhealth_com: Genital warts, Singapore. Private & confidential service.

Advertisement: Come to sunny Singapore to have your testing and treatment. Singapore Ministry of Health registered general practice (GP) clinic:
SHIM CLINIC
SINGAPORE SEXUALHEALTH™
168 Bedok South Avenue 3 #01-473
Singapore 460168
Tel: (+65) 6446 7446
Fax: (+65) 6449 7446
24hr Answering Tel: (+65) 6333 5550
Web: Genital Warts | SINGAPORE SEXUALHEALTH™
Opening Hours
Monday to Friday: 9 am to 3 pm, 7 pm to 11 pm
Saturday & Sunday: 7 pm to 11 pm
Public Holidays: Closed
Last registration: one hour before closing time.
Walk-in clinic. Appointments not required.
Bring NRIC, Work Pass or Passport for registration.

Description

Table of Contents

Genital warts: penile warts / vaginal warts / anal warts / anogenital warts / venereal warts / condyloma / condylomata acuminata / "cauliflower" sex disease.

References

Warts - on male sex organ Genital warts appear within 3 months after sexual contact with an infected person.

Genital warts:

  • are usually soft, pink cauliflower-like growths or flesh-coloured bumps on the sex organs
  • may also be hard and smooth
  • occur alone or in groups
  • tend to recur after treatment
  • increase the risk of cervical cancer in women.


Warts - on female sex organ An infected woman may infect her newborn during childbirth.

A person with genital warts can infect others through sexual contact.



Genital warts treatment / HPV treatment

HPV / human papillomavirus.

  • 120 known human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • 51 HPV types, and 3 subtypes are genital HPV as they infect the genital mucosa.
  • 31 genital HPV types are low risk
  • 6 genital HPV types are intermediate risk
  • 17 genital HPV types are high risk
They cause Genital HPV types, cancer risk, vaccine and test coverage
Type
Species
Risk
Cervarix
Gardasil
Gardasil-9
DigeneHR
DigenePS
CobasHPV
Digene
HybriBio
PapilloCheck
InnoLiPA
LinearArray
61 3 L ----------+-
72 3 L ----------+-
81 3 L -------+--+-
83 3 L ----------+-
84 3 L ----------+-
62 3 L ----------+-
CP6108 3 L ----------+-
71 15 L ---------++-
26 5 H ---------++-
51 5 H ---+-++++++-
69 5 H ---------++-
82 5 H --------+++-
IS39 5 H ----------+-
18 7 H +++++++++++-
39 7 H ---+-++++++-
45 7 H --+++++++++-
59 7 H ---+-++++++-
68 7 H ---+-++++++-
70 7 H --------+++-
53 6 H -------++++-
56 6 H ---+-++++++-
66 6 H -----+-++++-
54 13 L ---------++-
42 1 L ------+++-+-
40 8 L --------+++-
43 8 L ------++++--
6 10 L -++---+++++-
11 10 L -++---+++++-
44 10 L ------++++--
74 10 L ---------+--
16 9 H +++++++++++-
31 9 H --++-++++++-
33 9 H --++-++++++-
35 9 H ---+-++++++-
52 9 H --++-++++++-
58 9 H --++-++++++-
67 9 H ----------+-
73 11 H --------+++-

Legend: 71 (CP 8061), 73/MM9, 81 (CP 8304), 82 (MM4), 82 (IS 39), 83 (MM7), 84 (MM8), 89 (CP 6108)

References

Cervical cancer HPV vaccine (previously known as cervical cancer vaccine) types:
  • Gardasil® [HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Quadrivalent (Types 6, 11, 16, and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant]
  • Cervarix® [HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Bivalent (Types 16 and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant]
  • V503 [HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Nonavalent (Types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58) Vaccine, Recombinant]
References Gardasil® [HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Quadrivalent (Types 6, 11, 16, and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant] References Cervarix® [HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Bivalent (Types 16 and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant] References V503 [HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Nonavalent (Types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58) Vaccine, Recombinant] - to be released in 2013 STD vaccine / hepatitis vaccine shot/jab/injection to prevent some STDs

Vaccine Against Disease Age D
o
s
e
s
Dose schedule Price
per
dose
(SG$)
Havrix™ 1440 Adult Hepatitis A virus Hepatitis A ≥19y 2 m 0 & 6-12 $90/=
Twinrix® Hepatitis A virus
Hepatitis B virus
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
1-15y 2 m 0, 6-12 $135/=
≥16y 3 m 0, 1, 6
4 d 0, 7, 21 & m 12
Inactivated / Fractional / Protein / Subunit / Recombinant
Engerix™-B 20 μg Hepatitis B virus Hepatitis B 11-15y 2 m 0, & 6 $50/=
≥20y 3 m 0, 1, & 6
4 m 0, 1, 2, & 12 or
d 0, 7, 21 & m 12
Gardasil® HPV
types 6, 11, 16, & 18
Genital warts
Cervical cancer
9-26y 3 m 0, 2, & 6 or
m 0, 1, & 4
$195/=
Cervarix® HPV
types 16, & 18
(31, 33, & 45)
10-25y 3 m 0, 1, & 6
m 0, 1, & 5
m 0, 2½, 12
$195/=
V503 HPV
types 6, 11, 16, 18,
31, 33, 45,
52, & 58
3 m 0, 2, & 6 or
m 0, 1, & 4
$???/=

HPV test for men/women.

  • Digene® High-Risk HPV DNA Test
  • Digene® HPV DNA Test
  • Digene® HPV Genotyping PS Test
  • Hybribio®
    • HPV GenoArray Test Kit
    • Detects 15 high-risk HPV types: 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 59, 66, and 68. And 6 low-risk HPV types: 6, 11, 42, 43, 44, CP8304
    • Able to differentiate which types are positive.
    • May be available in Singapore soon.
  • Cobas® HPV Test
    • Cobas® HPV Test
    • Detects 14 high-risk HPV types: 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66, and 68
    • The test specifically identifies (types) HPV 16 and HPV 18, while concurrently detecting the rest of the high risk types (31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66, and 68)
    • Cost is SG$200/=
  • LINEAR ARRAY® HPV Genotyping Test
    • LINEAR ARRAY® HPV Genotyping Test
    • Identifies 37 high-risk HPV genotypes 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66, 68, 73 (MM9), 82 (MM4) low-risk HPV genotypes 6, 11, 26, 40, 42, 53, 54, 55, 61, 62, 64, 67, 69, 70, 71, 72, 81, 83 (MM7), 84 (MM8), IS39, and CP6108
  • INNO-LiPA HPV Genotyping Extra
    • INNO-LiPA HPV Genotyping Extra
    • Identifies 15 high-risk HPV genotypes (16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 68, 73, 82) 3 probable high-risk HPV genotypes (26, 53, 66) 7 low-risk HPV genotypes (6, 11, 40, 43, 44, 54, 70) and some additional types (69, 71, 74).
  • PapilloCheck®
    • PapilloCheck®
    • Identifies 24 hiv-risk HPV types 16 18 31 33 35 39 45 51 52 53 56 58 59 66 68 70 73 82 and low-risk HPV types 6 11 40 42 43 44

Sexual risk (of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.

Timeline HIV STD Pregnancy
Before exposure
Abstain from sex, Be faithful, or Condom use
Circumcision (males only)
Contraception (females only)
HIV PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) STD vaccine:
- Hepatitis vaccine
- HPV vaccine
STD / HIV exposure
Unsafe sex / unprotected sex:
No condom / Condom broke / Condom slip
0-72 hours HIV prevention
HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) treatment
- Stop HIV infection after exposure.
STD testing.
If STD symptoms appear, then do STD treatment.
- Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
- Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.
Emergency contraception (females only)
2 weeks HIV DNA PCR test
1 month 20 minute HIV rapid test - SD Bioline HIV Ag/Ab Combo:
- Fingerprick blood sampling.
3 months 20 minute HIV rapid test - OraQuick®:
- Oral saliva or
- Fingerprick blood sampling.
Full & comprehensive STD testing
- Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
- Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.

References


Latest News

EU Recommends Approval of Gardasil 9 VaccineEU Recommends Approval of Gardasil 9 Vaccine
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 02:18:12 +0100 | Medscape Hematology-Oncology Headlines
The new Gardasil 9 vaccine, which offers protection against nine types of human papillomavirus, has been recommended for approval in Europe. News Alerts (Source: Medscape Hematology-Oncology Headlines)

Prevalence of HPV infection in head and neck carcinomas shows geographical variability: a comparative study from Brazil and Germany
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 00:00:00 +0100 | Virchows Archiv
Abstract

ACIP Updates Recommendations, Adds 9-Valent HPV VaccineACIP Updates Recommendations, Adds 9-Valent HPV Vaccine
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 20:20:36 +0100 | Medscape Medical News Headlines
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has recommended the 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine as one of three HPV vaccines that can be used for routine vaccination. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)

Prevalence and Correlates of Human Papillomavirus Genotypes Among Patients With Cervical Cancer and Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia 3 in Israel
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 14:12:01 +0100 | Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
This study aimed to assess the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in Israeli patients with cervical cancer and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 (CIN3), to describe the distribution of the virus genotypes among positive cases, to characterize patients positive to HPV and, in particular, patients positive to HPV-16 and/or -18, and to evaluate the possible contribution of implementing HPV vaccination in Israel.

Clinical Significance of a Negative Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure Biopsy in Patients With Biopsy-Confirmed High-Grade Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 14:11:57 +0100 | Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Objective: We sought to determine which clinical factors can predict this phenomenon and to better understand the clinical significance of negative loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) findings through long-term follow-up.

Use of Primary High-Risk Human Papillomavirus Testing for Cervical Cancer Screening: Interim Clinical Guidance
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 14:11:56 +0100 | Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Abstract: In 2011, the American Cancer Society, the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, and the American Society for Clinical Pathology updated screening guidelines for the early detection of cervical cancer and its precursors. Recommended screening strategies were cytology or cotesting (cytology in combination with high-risk HPV (hrHPV) testing). These guidelines also addressed the use of hrHPV testing alone as a primary screening approach, which was not recommended for use at that time. There is now a growing body of evidence for screening with primary hrHPV testing, including a prospective US-based registration study. Thirteen experts including representatives from the Society of Gynecologic Oncology, American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, American C...

A birth cohort analysis of the incidence of adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix in the USA
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 08:09:18 +0100 | European Journal of Cancer Prevention
We investigated the incidence trends for adenocarcinoma (AC) of the cervix among individuals belonging to the 20–44-year age group in the USA and compared the observed birth cohort incidence patterns with the changing patterns of exposure to potential risk factors associated with AC of the cervix, such as infection with human papillomavirus, use of diethylstilbestrol (DES), obesity, and use of oral contraceptives. Using data from the National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program for 1973–2010, we conducted age–period–cohort modeling to evaluate birth cohort patterns on incidence trends of AC of the cervix over time. The increase in the incidence of AC of the cervix started among those born around the mid 1940s and accelerated up until around the ...

Cervical cancer epidemiology in foreign women in Northern Italy: role of human papillomavirus prevalence in country of origin
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 08:09:16 +0100 | European Journal of Cancer Prevention
This study compares the incidence and treatments of cervical neoplasia in foreigners from high migration countries and Italians in the Reggio Emilia province (Northern Italy) in 2002–2009. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN3) and cancer were calculated for foreigners versus Italian women; foreigners were also classified according to the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in their country of origin. The proportion of hysterectomies is presented as an indicator of inappropriate surgery in CIN3 and microinvasive cancers. A higher risk was observed in women from high human papillomavirus prevalence countries (HHPVC) both for cancer and for CIN3 (SIR=4.1, 95% CI=2.2–6.9; SIR=2.0, 95% CI 1.7–2...

Use of 9-Valent Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine: Updated HPV Vaccination Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 07:21:56 +0100 | CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
(Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report)

AAD: Frog Enzyme Clears Genital Warts
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 02:35:00 +0100 | MedPage Today Dermatology
(MedPage Today) -- Summaries of late-breaking research from the dermatology meeting. (Source: MedPage Today Dermatology)