HIV Rapid Test | SINGAPORE SEXUALHEALTH™
HIV Rapid Test | SINGAPORE SEXUALHEALTH™ @singaporesexualhealth_com: HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) rapid test, Singapore. Private & confidential service.
Come to sunny Singapore to have your testing and treatment. Singapore Ministry of Health registered general practice (GP) clinic:
| SHIM CLINIC|
168 Bedok South Avenue 3 #01-473
Tel: (+65) 6446 7446
Fax: (+65) 6449 7446
24hr Answering Tel: (+65) 6333 5550
Web: HIV Rapid Test | SINGAPORE SEXUALHEALTH™
| Opening Hours |
Monday to Friday: 9 am to 3 pm, 7 pm to 11 pm
Saturday & Sunday: 7 pm to 11 pm
Public Holidays: Closed
Last registration: one hour before closing time.
Walk-in clinic. Appointments not required.
Bring NRIC, Work Pass or Passport for registration.
Table of Contents HIV rapid test (20 minutes to results) Two types are available:
Note: If the clinic attendance is only for the HIV rapid test, then consultation fees are not added.
References HIV is the abbreviation for the human immunodeficiency virus, which causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
HIV symptoms which may present in acute HIV infection: These are nonspecific symptoms and can present with other infections; consequently, they are unreliable indicators of HIV infection.
Remember, there is no HIV cure.
HIV window period is the time from HIV infection until a HIV Test can detect any change. Within the HIV window period, the HIV Test would be negative. During this period, the HIV viral load is extremely high, thus making the person highly infectious.
References HIV Test
- 4 weeks after exposure, a negative 4th generation HIV ELISA Test "is very reassuring / highly likely to exclude HIV infection."
- 12 weeks after exposure, a negative 3rd generation HIV ELISA Test "would definitively exclude HIV infection."
HIV ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) test generations:
References HIV PCR (polymerase chain reaction) NAT (nucleic acid test) HIV Risk (2009 figures)
- 1st generation: HIV-1 IgG antibody
- 2nd generation: HIV-1 & HIV-2 IgG antibodies
- 3rd generation: HIV-1 & HIV-2 IgG & IgM antibodies
- 4th generation: HIV-1 & HIV-2 IgG & IgM antibodies and HIV p24 antigen
Estimated HIV transmission risk per exposure for specific activities and events
|Activity ||Risk-per-exposure |
|Vaginal sex, female-to-male, studies in high-income countries ||0.04% (1:2380) |
|Vaginal sex, male-to-female, studies in high-income countries ||0.08% (1:1234) |
|Vaginal sex, female-to-male, studies in low-income countries ||0.38% (1:263) |
|Vaginal sex, male-to-female, studies in low-income countries ||0.30% (1:333) |
|Vaginal sex, source partner is asymptomatic ||0.07% (1:1428) |
|Vaginal sex, source partner has late-stage disease ||0.55% (1:180) |
|Receptive anal sex amongst gay men, partner unknown status ||0.27% (1:370) |
|Receptive anal sex amongst gay men, partner HIV positive ||0.82% (1:123) |
|Receptive anal sex with condom, gay men, partner unknown status ||0.18% (1:555) |
|Insertive anal sex, gay men, partner unknown status ||0.06% (1:1666) |
|Insertive anal sex with condom, gay men, partner unknown status ||0.04% (1:2500) |
|Receptive fellatio ||Estimates range from 0.00% to 0.04% (1:2500) |
|Mother-to-child, mother takes at least two weeks antiretroviral therapy ||0.8% (1:125) |
|Mother-to-child, mother takes combination therapy, viral load below 50 ||0.1% (1:1000) |
|Injecting drug use ||Estimates range from 0.63% (1:158) to 2.4% (1:41) |
|Needlestick injury, no other risk factors ||0.13% (1:769) |
|Blood transfusion with contaminated blood ||92.5% (9:10) |
Sources: vaginal sex;1 anal sex;2 fellatio;3 2 mother-to-child;4 other activities.5
- Boily MC et al. Heterosexual risk of HIV-1 infection per sexual act: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Lancet Infect Dis 9(2): 118-129, 2009
- Vittinghoff E et al. Per-contact risk of human immunodeficiency virus transmission between male sexual partners. American Journal of Epidemiology 150: 306-311, 1999
- Del Romero J et al. Evaluating the risk of HIV transmission through unprotected orogenital sex. AIDS 16(9): 1296-1297, 2002
- Townsend C et al. Low rates of mother-to-child transmission of HIV following effective pregnancy interventions in the United Kingdom and Ireland, 2000-2006. AIDS 22: 973-981, 2008
- Baggaley RF et al. Risk of HIV-1 transmission for parenteral exposure and blood transfusion. AIDS 20: 805-812, 2006
- HIV & AIDS Information :: How transmission occurs - Estimated risk per exposure
HIV Risk (2005 figures)
Estimated per-act risk for acquisition of HIV, by exposure route*
*Estimates of risk for transmission from sexual exposures assume no condom use.
|Exposure route||Risk per 10,000|
to an infected source
|Needle-sharing injection-drug use||67||0.67|
|Receptive anal intercourse||50||0.5|
|Percutaneous needle stick||30||0.3|
|Receptive penile-vaginal intercourse||10||0.1|
|Insertive anal intercourse||6.5||0.065|
|Insertive penile-vaginal intercourse||5||0.05|
|Receptive oral intercourse†||1||0.01|
|Insertive oral intercourse†||0.5||0.005|
†Source refers to oral intercourse performed on a man.
HIV risk (2002 figures)
HIV Risk Statistics (chances of getting HIV)
|HIV Risk Factors ||HIV Transmission Probability |
|Needle stick injury3 ||1/300 |
|Receptive anal intercourse4 ||1/100 |
|Receptive vaginal intercourse5 ||1/1000 |
|Insertive vaginal intercourse4 ||1/2000 |
|Insertive anal intercourse4 ||1/2500 |
|Receptive fellatio with ejaculation4 ||1/2500 |
|Sharing needles6 ||1/150 |
HIV prevention / HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) treatment can prevent you from getting an HIV infection, and turning HIV positive.
- Cardo DM, Culver DH, Ciesielski CA, et al. A Case-Control Study of HIV Seroconversion in Health Care Workers after Percutaneous Exposure. N Engl J Med. 1997;337:1485-1490.
- Katz MH, Gerberding JL. Management of occupational and nonoccupational postexposure HIV prophylaxis. Current Inf Dis Reports. 2002;4:543-549.
- Gerberding JL. Prophylaxis for Occupational Exposure to HIV. Ann Intern Med. 1996;6:497-501
- Vitinghoff E, Douglas J, Judon F, et al. Per-Contact Risk of Human Immunodificiency Virus Transmision between Male Sexual Partners. Am J Epidemiol. 1999;150:306-311.
- Peterman TA, Stoneburner RL, Allen JR, et al. Risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission From Heterosexual Adults With Transfusion-Associated Infections. JAMA. 1988;259:55-58. [Erratum. JAMA. 1989;262:502]
- Kaplan EH, Heimer R. A Model-Based Estimate of HIV Infectivity via Needle Sharing. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1992;5:1116-1118.
Individuals are eligible for HIV PEP Treatment if all the following criteria are met:
Prompt antiviral therapy may reduce the risk of HIV transmission by as much as 80%.
- less than 72 hours has elapsed since exposure;
- the exposed individual is not known to be HIV infected;
- the person who is the source of exposure is HIV infected or has unknown HIV status;
- mucous membrane or non-intact skin was exposed to a potentially infectious body fluid;
For optimal efficacy, antiretroviral therapy should be started as soon as possible, ideally within 1 hour of exposure. So that you can remain HIV negative.
The medications and dosages are the same as those used for lifelong treatment of HIV patients. However, for HIV PEP treatment, it is taken for only a month.
References Drugs commonly used in HIV PEP: References TORCH
(of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.
Nigeria: NACA, Ministry Educate Okada Riders, Mechanics On HIV/Aids
Tue, 07 Jul 2015 12:02:03 +0100 | AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine
[Daily Trust] The Ministry of Youth Development has teamed up with the National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA) to fight the scourge of HIV/AIDS among out-of-school youth and artisans across the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Zimbabwe: Over 100,000 Teenagers and Young Adults HIV Positive, Poverty Blamed
Tue, 07 Jul 2015 10:41:02 +0100 | AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine
[New Zimbabwe] AT least 80,000 girls between the ages of 15 and 24 are currently living with HIV while 36,000 males of the same age are also living with the virus, a senior official with National Aids Council (NAC) has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Africa: Global Fund Approves $17 Million for New HIV Programmes in Africa
Tue, 07 Jul 2015 10:03:32 +0100 | AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine
[Key Correspondents] The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria has granted around US$17 million to two consortia of organisations focussing on key populations most affected by HIV, to combat the disease across eastern and southern Africa. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
10th International Conference on HIV Treatment and Prevention Adherence10th International Conference on HIV Treatment and Prevention Adherence
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 22:14:50 +0100 | Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines
Read clinically focused news coverage of key developments from IAPAC 2015. Medscape HIV/AIDS (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)
Self-Injurious Behavior Secondary to Cytomegalovirus-Induced Neuropathy in an SIV-Infected Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta).
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 22:14:03 +0100 | Comparative Medicine
Authors: Clemmons EA, Gumber S, Strobert E, Bloomsmith MA, Jean SM
AIMS Project Improves Adherence, Outcomes in HIV PatientsAIMS Project Improves Adherence, Outcomes in HIV Patients
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 18:33:29 +0100 | Medscape Today Headlines
An intervention designed to help HIV patients improve adherence not only bolsters pill-taking behavior but also reduces the risk for treatment failure, new research shows. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Tanzania: Glaser in Middle of Aids Fight in Tanzania
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 14:46:11 +0100 | AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs
[EA Business] Ariel Glaser Pediatric AIDS Healthcare Initiatives (AGPAHI) provides technical assistance to and acts as a capacity building partner to the government in improving and enhancing HIV and AIDS related services. AGPAHI works to implement three HIV and AIDS related programs with funding support from PEPFAR through CDC and USAID. AGPAHI's Executive Director, LAUREAN R. BWANAKUNU recently talked to East African Business Week's ANDREW ZABLON about their activities. Below are (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Botswana: Schooling Slashes HIV Rates
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 12:56:37 +0100 | AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs
[SciDev.Net] Increasing secondary school attendance in Botswana slashed HIV infection rates of adults, with the greatest drop among women, a study finds. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Nigeria: HIV Patients Cry Out Over Lack of Drugs Due to Workers Strike
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 12:42:49 +0100 | AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs
[Daily Trust] Osogbo -People living with HIV/AIDS in Osun state have cried out for help as their conditions were deteriorating due to their inability to access their drugs from government hospitals in the state as a result of the on-going strike by the civil servants. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Namibia: Struggling, but Holding Their Heads High
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 10:47:46 +0100 | AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs
[Namibian] THE morning sun streaming through the yellow curtains paints the hallway with gold. All is peaceful and the silence is only broken by the steady hum of sewing machines as four women working at the Karas Huisen crafts centre busy themselves with handwork for themselves and their children. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)